The Presidents of Idaho, or How Grover Cleveland Saved Our State

by Dec 19, 2017Idaho-ology0 comments

The Presidents of Idaho, or how Grover Cleveland saved our state

But there haven’t been any presidents from Idaho, you say. Well, yes. Technically, that’s true. But a number of our commanders-in-chief have had major impacts on Idaho, and vice versa. Some highlights:

  • Thomas Jefferson sent Lewis and Clark to the Pacific, where they explored and first mapped a great deal of the future Idaho, with significant help from Sacajawea, a native of the Lemhi River Valley.
  • Abraham Lincoln signed the act creating Idaho Territory on March 4, 1863, out of portions of Washington Territory and Dakota Territory.
  • Benjamin Harrison signed the act admitting Idaho as a state on July 3, 1890.
  • Richard Nixon’s presidency was ended, in large part, due to FBI Associate Director and Twin Falls native Mark Felt. Felt anonymously provided critical information about the Watergate scandal to Washington Post reporters, who gave him the nickname “Deep Throat”.

Cleveland on the $1000 bill, which existed until 1934.

A lesser-known, but possibly more important story for Idaho pertains to Grover Cleveland, our mustachioed leader known for serving two nonconsecutive terms in office.

It’s well-understood that northern and southern Idaho are,  in many ways, two different states. But while nowadays, this diversity of geography is a prime selling point, in the 19th century, it was more problematic. The two regions had been drifting apart, since the panhandle had commercial and communication ties to eastern Washington, but not to Boise or Pocatello or Eagle Rock. There wasn’t even a road connecting north and south until 1919, according to historian Linden Bateman.

Letter from Idaho territorial governor Edward Stevenson to Pres. Cleveland, thanking him for the pocket veto. (courtesy Linden Bateman)

Inconvenient became nearly fatal when in 1887, Congress not only proposed, but actually passed legislation giving the north back to Washington. Around the same time, another proposal in the Senate would have given southern Idaho to Nevada, which was going through an economic rough patch.

When Idaho’s territorial governor Edward Stevenson caught wind of this, he sent a telegram to Pres. Cleveland, urging him to veto. (As Bateman notes, it probably didn’t hurt that Stevenson’s cousin was Adlai Stevenson, the Vice President.) Cleveland decided to pocket-veto the bill, and Gov. Stevenson, this story’s real hero, traveled to DC to plead his case before Congress when the issue arose again in the next session. With his help, the bill was defeated, and Stevenson made a major push for statehood soon thereafter, assuring esto perpetua.